Searching for a neurologic injury’s Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third edition profile

Marta A. Gonçalves*, Octávio Moura, Alexandre Castro-Caldas, Mário R. Simões

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study aimed to investigate the presence of a Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III) cognitive profile in a Portuguese neurologic injured sample. The Portuguese WAIS-III was administered to 81 mixed neurologic patients and 81 healthy matched controls selected from the Portuguese standardization sample. Although the mixed neurologic injury group performed significantly lower than the healthy controls for the majority of the WAIS-III scores (i.e., composite measures, discrepancies, and subtests), the mean scores were within the normal range and, therefore, at risk of being unobserved in a clinical evaluation. ROC curves analysis showed poor to acceptable diagnostic accuracy for the WAIS-III composite measures and subtests (Working Memory Index and Digit Span revealed the highest accuracy for discriminating between participants, respectively). Multiple regression analysis showed that both literacy and the presence of brain injury were significant predictors for all of the composite measures. In addition, multiple regression analysis also showed that literacy, age of injury onset, and years of survival predicted all seven composite measures for the mixed neurologic injured group. Despite the failure to find a WAIS-III cognitive profile for mixed neurologic patients, the results showed a significant influence of brain lesion and literacy in the performance of the WAIS-III.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-464
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Neuropsychology:Adult
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sept 2017


  • Diagnostic accuracy
  • Intelligence
  • Literacy
  • Mixed neurologic injury
  • Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale–Third Edition


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