A sequential injection system for the enzymatic determination of ethanol in wines with spectrophotometric detection was developed. The determination was based on the enzymatic reaction involving ethanol and NAD+ in the presence of alcohol dehydrogenase. A gas-diffusion unit was introduced in the system to perform an in-line dilution. It was possible to operate the system with a reagent consumption of 1.3 mg of NAD+, 0.45 U of ADH, and 32 μL of sample, per assay with a determination rate of 21 h-1.The results obtained from the analysis of wine samples were statistically equivalent to those obtained by the reference method, with good repeatability; the relative standard deviation (n = 10) was <1% with a LOQ of 0.3% (v/v).
- Alcohol dehydrogenase
- Ethanol determination
- Gas-diffusion unit
- Sequential injection analysis system