Sing4Health: Randomised controlled trial of the effects of a singing group program on the subjective and social well-being of older adults

Iolanda Costa Galinha*, Miguel Ángel García-Martín, Maria Luísa Lima

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Group singing may be an optimal intervention strategy to promote active ageing and well-being; however, evidence with experimental validity is scarce. This study aims to fill this gap by analysing the effects of a 34-session singing group programme (SGP) on participants' subjective and social well-being and the mediating roles of social identification with the singing group and of self-esteem. An RCT with intervention (n = 89) and active waiting-list control (n = 60) conditions was conducted, and a mixed method quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis were performed. Participants were mostly elderly day-care centre users (M = 76.66 years old; SD = 8.79) with low average levels of education and income. Structured measures of life satisfaction, positive and negative affect, self-esteem, loneliness, social identification and social well-being were collected, as well as interviews on the perceived benefits of participating in the SGP. Results showed significant effects of the SGP on the positive affect, social well-being and marginally on the self-esteem of the participants. The observed effects were sustained at the follow-up. Qualitative analysis corroborated the quantitative results. Mediation analysis showed indirect effects of social identification with the singing group on loneliness and social identification with the social care institution group; and of self-esteem on positive and negative affect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-195
Number of pages20
JournalApplied Psychology: Health and Well-Being
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • loneliness
  • self-esteem
  • singing group
  • social identification
  • social well-being
  • subjective well-being

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