Social norms and the gender gap in labor force participation: evidence from Turkey

Z. Eylem Gevrek*, Deniz Gevrek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

We use a novel two-step empirical strategy to examine the relationship between social norms and the gender gap in labour force participation (LFP) across provinces of Turkey. In the first step, we identify the unexplained part of the gender gap in LFP that remains after accounting for differences in observed characteristics between women and men for each province by implementing a decomposition method. In the second step, we investigate the role of social norms in explaining cross-province variation in the unexplained part. The results reveal that more egalitarian gender role attitudes, smaller gender gap in tertiary education, lower fertility and consanguineous marriage rates, and lower level of religiosity significantly predict a smaller unexplained part of the gender gap in LFP favouring males.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Economics Letters
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 11 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Gender gap in labour force participation
  • Turkey
  • Decomposition analysis
  • Social norms

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