Spatial-temporal changes in removal of fecal indicators and diversity of bacterial communities in a constructed wetland with ornamental plants

Cristina S. C. Calheiros*, Sofia I. A. Pereira, Albina R. Franco, Paula M. L. Castro

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The present study was undertaken in a constructed wetland (CW), setup in a tourism house, for domestic wastewater treatment. The influence of season variations on the abundance of fecal indicator organisms (total coliforms and Escherichia coli) in the wastewater and in the substrate and the roots of plants inhabiting the inlet and outlet zones of the CW was evaluated along three consecutive years. The structure and diversity of bacterial communities associated to the CW’s substrate of inlet and outlet zones was also analyzed overtime. Wastewater was characterized for physicochemical and microbiological parameters and the bacterial communities colonizing the substrate surface, were analyzed by Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE). The CW was effective in removing COD, BOD5, TSS, PO43−, NH4+, NO3−, and NO2− . It was also effective in removing fecal indicators, with a generalized decrease of total coliforms and E. coli in the substrate and in the wastewater from inlet to outlet of up to 2–3 log. The structure and composition of bacterial communities associated with the substrate was mainly influenced by the year rather than by the season or the CW zone.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3875
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Bioremediation
  • Coliforms
  • Domestic wastewater
  • Escherichia coli
  • Nature-based solutions
  • Pathogens
  • Phytoremediation
  • Polyculture
  • Tourism
  • Wastewater treatment

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