Spray drying as a method for preparing concentrated cultures of Lactobacillus bulgaricus

P. Teixeira, H. Castro, R. Kirby*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

149 Citations (Scopus)


P. TEIXEIRA, H. CASTRO AND R. KIRBY. 1995. Spray drying and freeze drying as methods for concentration of Lactobacillus bulgaricus starter cultures were compared in terms of viability, lag phase until onset of pH decrease and total acid production. For the experimental conditions used, no significant differences were detected between the methods. The effect of spray drying on the cell membrane of Lactobacillus bulgaricus was studied. Five separate methods were used to study the theory that spray drying causes cell membrane damage; three relating to leakage of intracellular components from the cell into the surrounding environment (260 and 280 nm absorbing materials, potassium ions and proteins); and two relating to increased cell permeability (increased sensitivity to NaCl and increased permeability to o‐nitrophenyl‐β‐D‐galactopyranoside (ONPG). Partial loss of some cytoplasmic material from the damaged cells was observed. The dried cells also became sensitive to NaCl and permeable to ONPG. Heat shock increased the survival of exponential cells as compared to controls but did not result in normal levels found with unshocked stationary phase cells. Heat shock had no effect on stationary phase cells. Different rehydration methods and media were investigated: slow rehydration increased survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-462
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Bacteriology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1995


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