Stigma as a source of the social construction of the concept of pulmonary tuberculosis: perspective of nurses

Maria Isabel Pereira da Silva*, Beatriz Rodrigues Araújo, Camila Aparecida Landin Almeida, João Manuel da Costa Amado

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



Objective: to describe the social construction of the social concept of pulmonary tuberculosis that, from the perspective of nurses, emerges from concepts based on stigma. Method: descriptive study, qualitative approach, with 12 nurses from centers of pneumological diagnosis in northern Portugal. Data collected in November 2020 and January 2021 by semi-structured interview, subsequently analyzed by content analysis methodology. Results: from the participants’ discourses, the concept of pulmonary tuberculosis emerges. The understanding of the disease is surrounded by myths and taboos, with a bleak prognosis, causes fear of contagion, death, fear, shame, estrangement, social isolation and denial of the disease. Among nurses, talking about tuberculosis is a topic to avoid, it is an area that causes confusion and fear. Final considerations: the concept of the word tuberculosis persists rooted in concepts and prejudices. Social stigma remains at its core and perpetuates its negative concept to the present day.

Translated title of the contributionO estigma como fonte da construção social do conceito de tuberculose pulmonar: perspectiva dos enfermeiros
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalRevista Baiana de Enfermagem
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Pulmonary tuberculosis
  • Nursing
  • Qualitative research
  • Social stigma


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