Study of the viability of using lipase-hydrolyzed commercial vegetable oils to produce microbially conjugated linolenic acid-enriched milk

Ana Luiza Fontes, Lígia Pimentel, Ana M. S. Soares, M. Rosário Domingues, Luis Miguel Rodríguez-Alcalá*, Ana Maria Gomes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
22 Downloads

Abstract

This work studied the viability of using vegetable oils as precursor substrates to develop a dairy product enriched in microbial conjugated linoleic (CLA) and conjugated linolenic (CLNA) acids. Hydrolysis of hempseed, flaxseed (FSO) and soybean (SBO) oils was tested with Candida rugosa (CRL), Pseudomonas fluorescens, or Pancreatic porcine lipases. FSO and SBO, previously hydrolyzed with CRL, were further selected for cow’s milk CLA/CLNA-enrichment with Bifidobacterium breve DSM 20091. Thereafter, higher substrate concentrations with hydrolyzed FSO were tested. For all tested oils, CRL revealed the best degrees of hydrolysis (>90%). Highest microbial CLA/CLNA yield in milk was achieved with hydrolyzed FSO, which led to the appearance of mainly CLNA isomers (0.34 mg/g). At higher substrate concentrations, maximum yield was 0.88 mg/g CLNA. Therefore, it was possible to enrich milk with microbial CLNA using vegetable oil, but not with CLA, nor develop a functional product that can deliver a reliable effective dose.
Original languageEnglish
Article number135665
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume413
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)
  • Conjugated linolenic acid (CLNA)
  • Vegetable oils
  • Lipases
  • Milk
  • Bifidobacterium breve

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Study of the viability of using lipase-hydrolyzed commercial vegetable oils to produce microbially conjugated linolenic acid-enriched milk'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this