Sustainable biorefinery approaches towards circular economy for conversion of biowaste to value added materials and future perspectives

Yumin Duan, Ayon Tarafdar, Vinay Kumar, Prabakaran Ganeshan, Karthik Rajendran, Balendu Shekhar Giri, Ricardo Gómez-García, Huike Li, Zengqiang Zhang, Raveendran Sindhu, Parameswaran Binod, Ashok Pandey, Mohammad J. Taherzadeh, Surendra Sarsaiya, Archana Jain, Mukesh Kumar Awasthi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


With the huge energy demand inevitably exacerbates the non-renewable resources depletion and ecological-social challenges, renewable energy has become a crucial participant in sustainable strategy. Biorefinery emerged as a sustainable approach and recognized promising transformation platforms for products, to achieve circular bioeconomy which focuses on the biomass efficient and sustainable valorization, promotes resource regeneration and restorative. The emerged biowaste biorefinery has proved as sustainable approach for integrated bioproducts and further applied this technology in industrial, commercial, agricultural and energy sectors. Based on carbon neutral sustainable development, this review comprehensive explained the biowaste as renewable resource generation and resource utilization technologies from the perspective of energy, nutrient and material recovery in the concept of biorefinery. Integrate biorefinery concepts into biowaste management is promise for conversion biowaste into value-added materials and contribute as driving force to cope with resource scarcity, climate changes and huge material demand in circular bioeconomy. In practice, the optimal of biorefinery technologies depends on environmentally friendly, economic and technical feasibility, social and policy acceptance. Additionally, policy interventions are necessary to promote biowaste biorefinery implements for circular bioeconomy and contribute to low-carbon cleaner environment.
Original languageEnglish
Article number124846
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2022


  • Bioeconomy
  • Biorefinery
  • Biowaste
  • Perspectives
  • Recycle


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