The application of Bonelike® Poro as a synthetic bone substitute for the management of critical-sized bone defects: a comparative approach to the autograft technique: a preliminary study

P. O. Pinto, M. V. Branquinho, A. R. Caseiro, A. C. Sousa, A. Brandão, S. S. Pedrosa, R. D. Alvites, J. M. Campos, F. L. Santos, J. D. Santos, C. M. Mendonça, I. Amorim, L. M. Atayde, A. C. Maurício*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effective treatment of non-unions and critical-sized defects remains a challenge in the orthopedic field. From a tissue engineering perspective, this issue can be addressed through the application bioactive matrixes to support bone regeneration, such as Bonelike®, as opposed to the widespread autologous grafting technique. An improved formulation of Bonelike® Poro, was assessed as a synthetic bone substitute in an ovine model for critical-sized bone defects. Bone regeneration was assessed after 5 months of recovery through macro and microscopic analysis of the healing features of the defect sites. Both the application of natural bone graft or Bonelike® Poro resulted in bridging of the defects margins. Untreated defect remained as fibrous non-unions at the end of the study period. The characteristics of the newly formed bone and its integration with the host tissue were assessed through histomorphometric and histological analysis, which demonstrated Bonelike® Poro to result in improved healing of the defects. The group treated with synthetic biomaterial presented bone bridges of increased thickness and bone features that more closely resembled the native spongeous and cortical bone. The application of Bonelike® Poro enabled the regeneration of critical-sized lesions and performed comparably to the autograph technique, validating its octeoconductive and osteointegrative potential for clinical application as a therapeutic strategy in human and veterinary orthopedics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101064
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalBone Reports
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bone regeneration
  • Bonelike®
  • Ceramic biomaterials
  • Critical bone defects
  • Ovine model

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