The CBCL/1½–5’s DSM-ASD Scale: confirmatory factor analyses across 24 societies

the International ASEBA Consortium, Pedro Dias, Miguel Gonçalves, Bárbara César Machado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Previous research supports the CBCL/1½–5’s DSM-ASD scale (and its precursor, the DSM-PDP scale) as a Level 1 ASD screener. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) with data from population samples in 24 societies (N = 19,850) indicated good measurement invariance across societies, especially for configural and metric invariance. Items 4. 25, 67, 80, and 98 may be especially good discriminators of ASD because they have tend to have low base rates, strong loadings on the ASD latent construct, and the best measurement invariance across societies. Further research is needed to test the discriminative power of these items in predicting ASD, but our strong measurement findings support the international psychometric robustness of the CBCL/1½–5’s DSM-ASD scale.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3326-3340
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
  • CBCL/1½–5
  • Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA)
  • International
  • Preschool


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