A pedagogia – ao longo dos tempos

Translated title of the contribution: The pedagogy – throughout the times

Helena Gaspar, Célia Ribeiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



This paper reports to a whole civilizational journey anchored in the teacher’s development. Following this study, the various contexts and educational currents that partly assume continuity in thought and action today were portrayed in a diachronic perspective. However, the relentless pursuit of the development of social life highlighted the figure of the teacher as the main agent to whom different and numerous roles are assigned, progressively more demanding and complex, due to the evolution of society. From the revered status of the transmitter of knowledge, he occupies nowadays a multi-faceted position that requires him an attitude of continual questioning and self-reflection of his praxis, in order to respond most effectively to the fundamental aspect, which is the success of students’ learning. In this context, the objective is to give an overview of what pedagogy has been throughout history, particularly in the eastern, classical and Christian antiquity; during the middle, modern and Enlightenment ages and, finally, the contemporary age.
Translated title of the contributionThe pedagogy – throughout the times
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)191-211
Number of pages21
JournalGestão e Desenvolvimento
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • Pedagogy
  • Historical perspective


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