The role of emotional intelligence and gender in the relationship between implicit theories of emotions and aggression: moderated mediation model in young individuals

Raquel Gómez-Leal, Pablo Fernández-Berrocal, Luísa Faria, Ana Costa, Rosario Cabello*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aggression is a widespread problem among young individuals and has far-reaching consequences for society. Using a mediation model approach, this research seeks to delve into the impact of implicit theories of emotions and the ability emotional intelligence on aggressive behaviour. 608 Spanish students (9 and 18 aged) (Mage = 14.07; SD = 2.64; 46.4% boys) completed the Implicit Theories of Emotion Scale, The Botín Foundation’s Emotional Intelligence Test for Adolescents, and The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire. We found that individuals who possess incremental implicit theories of emotion tend to exhibit lower levels of aggression and higher levels of emotional intelligence. A noteworthy finding is that emotional intelligence mediates the relationship between implicit theories of emotions and aggressive behaviour. Additionally, the link between implicit theories of emotions and emotional intelligence and aggression is moderated by gender. These findings have significant implications for clinical practice, informing the development of targeted intervention programs to prevent aggression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2363352
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Adolescence and Youth
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Emotional intelligence
  • Gender
  • Implicit theories of emotions
  • Youth

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