The main purpose of this article was to expose the fundamental content of an unpublished manuscript by the oratorian João Baptista, in which controversial theological issues are exposed, regarding the middle science, a conception that was defended by Luís de Molina in his work Concordia. The thought of Father João Baptista has been little studied. On the philosophical plane, the most renowned work is that which, using Aristotelian logic and physics, develops a doctrine that opens up to modernity. The theological work that is the object of this study, on the other hand, evaluates the problem of ‘middle science’ by articulating it with grace and divine providence. We tried to investigate Father Baptista's ideas regarding the validity of this middle science and the repercussions it had in the 18th century, to justify the importance of the Oratorian for the progress of portuguese theological science.
|Translated title of the contribution||The theological controversy over “Scientia Media” and human freedom in the “Quaestiones Selectae ex penitiore Theologia” by the Oratorian João Baptista|
|Number of pages||21|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jun 2021|
- Scientia media
- Conditional science
- Future contingents
- Fundamental Theology