O “Universal-Particular": a relação entre povo e estado nos escritos dos escritos de Fichte sobre Maquiavel

Translated title of the contribution: The "Universal-Particular": the relationship between people and in Fichte's writings about Machiavelli

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Abstract

This paper addresses Fichte’s theory of the relation between stateand education in his writings on Machiavelli from 1807. The aim is toshow that Fichte’s idea of the role of the educator is closely connectedwith his diagnosis of the Napoleonic epoch, with the role he assignsto the German people and with his theory of the mission of the state.Fichte sees himself as a new Machiavelli, addressing the people in asituation of historical disarray and distress, and seeking the means torebuild the German Nation. Nevertheless, the writings on Machiavelli,although a piece of “Practical Philosophy”, stem from Fichte’s theoretical conceptions, namely, the versions of the Doctrine of Science after1804. At the same time, they demonstrate a shift in his Political Philosophy, with a devaluation of the idea of “social contract” and of thenecessity of legitimation of sovereignty. Although still a critic of the“authoritarian principle” that characterized the societies of the AncienRégime, as well as of the idea of a hereditary monarchy, he departedfrom the principles of the “rule of law” (exemplified in Kant’s politicalwritings) that are at the basis of a democratic state.
Translated title of the contributionThe "Universal-Particular": the relationship between people and in Fichte's writings about Machiavelli
Original languagePortuguese
Title of host publicationA filosofia da história e da cultura em Fichte
Place of PublicationCoimbra
PublisherImprensa da Universidade de Coimbra
Pages87-109
ISBN (Print)9789892617541, 9789892617534
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Fichte
  • Machiavelli
  • Education
  • Sovereignty
  • French Revolution

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