Um político católico no tempo das Luzes: a religião em Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo

Translated title of the contribution: A catholic politician in the age of Enlightenment: religion in Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo

João Francisco Pereira*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

This text addresses the issue of religious identification of Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo. As one of the most referenced Portuguese statesmen of the eighteenth century, the first Count of Oeiras and Marquis of Pombal, he played a very important role in the reforms carried out during King José’s reign. It is commonly argued that it was the political ideology of Carvalho e Melo that made his ecclesiastical policy, but in this work, inserting Pombal into the Catholic Enlightenment current, we propose that it was his cultural and religious sensibility that influenced the Pombaline reforms in general and ecclesiastical reforms in particular.

Translated title of the contributionA catholic politician in the age of Enlightenment: religion in Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)115-137
Number of pages23
JournalLusitania Sacra
Volume2024
Issue number49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Catholic Enlightenment
  • Enlightened despotism
  • Episcopalism
  • Jansenism
  • Marquis of Pombal
  • Pombalism
  • Reforms
  • Regalism

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