Unravelling Actinidia molecular mechanisms against Pseudomonas syringae pv. Actinidiae and P. Syringae pv. Actinidifoliorum – first steps

M. Nunes da Silva, J. Machado, G. M. Balestra, A. Mazzaglia, M. V. Vasconcelos, S. M. P. Carvalho*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Kiwifruit bacterial canker (KBC), caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa), is currently the most destructive disease of kiwifruit worldwide. In contrast, the closely related pathovar P. syringae pv. actinidifoliorum (Psaf) only causes necrotic spots, not being associated with plant mortality. Moreover, there is some evidence for greater susceptibility of Actinidia deliciosa cultivars to KBC, compared with Actinidia arguta, but the reasons behind this observation are still largely unknown. In this work, micropropagated female plants of A. deliciosa ‘Hayward’ and A. arguta ‘Ken’s Red’ were inoculated with Psa or with Psaf (107 CFU mL-1). Disease development was monitored at 1, 2 and 5 days post-inoculation (dpi) through CFU determination and gene expression analysis of plant defence-related genes (APX, CAT, SOD, LOX1, SAM and TLP1). At 5 dpi, Psa and Psaf CFU were 17.4- and 2.8-fold higher, respectively, in ‘Hayward’ compared with ‘Ken’s Red’. Expression of antioxidant enzyme-related genes was very distinct between the two species: SOD expression was drastically increased in ‘Hayward’ (up to 1.1-fold), whereas, in ‘Ken’s Red’, CAT was the most upregulated gene (up to 0.7-fold). LOX1, involved in jasmonic acid biosynthesis, was upregulated in both species, but at different time-points: up to 1.2-fold in ‘Hayward’ at 2 dpi and 0.9-fold in ‘Ken’s Red’ at 1 dpi. These results demonstrate that ‘Ken’s Red’ seems to be much more tolerant of Psa than ‘Hayward’ and that the resistance mechanisms between the two species involve specific defence pathways being triggered at distinct moments after plant infection.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationActa Horticulturae
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9789462612150
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2018
EventIX International Symposium on Kiwifruit - Portugal, Porto
Duration: 6 Sept 20179 Sept 2017

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
ISSN (Electronic)0567-7572


ConferenceIX International Symposium on Kiwifruit
Abbreviated titleIX ISK
Internet address


  • Antioxidant enzymes
  • Bacterial canker
  • Jasmonic acid
  • Kiwifruit
  • Tolerance


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