Use of solid-phase extraction in a sequential injection mode for the determination of micronutrients

Tânia C. F. Ribas, Charles F. Croft, Tânia Moniz, Maria I. G. S. Almeida, Raquel B. R. Mesquita, Maria Rangel, Spas D. Kolev, António O. S. S. Rangel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review



Micronutrients are essential for the normal functioning of living organisms, as they are vital for the production of enzymes and hormones (among other substances). Consequently, supplements containing these micronutrients are often used in agriculture, resulting in their leaching into ground water. In this scenario, a multiparametric sequential injection system with a spectrophotometric detection for the determination of cobalt, copper, zinc, and iron was developed. To conduct all determinations using a single manifold, a non-selective reagent, such as 4-(2-pyridylazo) resorcinol (PAR), was chosen as the colour reagent for the determination of cobalt, copper and zinc. As PAR is a non- specific reagent, solid phase extraction using two different sorbent materials was used to allow the determination of the individual metal ions. This technique is associated with a number of advantages, including selective separation of the analytes to eliminate complex matrix interferences. The materials used to selectively separate the copper and zinc ions were Chelex 100 and a PVC-based polymer inclusion membrane (PIM) containing di-(2- ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid (D2EHPA), respectively. For the determination of cobalt, an in-line standard addition method was developed. As a strategy for the iron determination, 3-hydroxy-4-pyridinone (MRB13) was considered as a highly selective iron chelator.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018
Event14th International Conference on Flow Analysis - Arnoma Grand Bangkok Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand
Duration: 2 Dec 20187 Dec 2018


Conference14th International Conference on Flow Analysis


  • Multiparametric system
  • Sequential injection analysis
  • Micronutrients
  • Polymer inclusion membrane
  • Chelex 100


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