Valorisation of food agro-industrial by-products: from the past to the present and perspectives

Ricardo Gómez-García, Débora A. Campos, Cristóbal N. Aguilar, Ana R. Madureira, Manuela Pintado*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Food agro-industrial by-products mainly include peels, seeds, stems, bagasse, kernels, and husk, derived during food processing. Due to their overproduction and the lack of sustainable management, such by-products have been conventionally rejected and wasted in landfills, being the principal strategy for their treatment, but nowadays, this strategy has been associated with several environmental, social and economic issues. Hence, we focused on the use of different consolidated biotechnological processes and methodologies as suitable strategies for food by-products management and valorisation, highlighting them as potential bioresources because they still gather high compositional and nutritional value, owing to their richness in functional and bioactive molecules with human health benefits. Food by-products could be utilised for the development of new food ingredients or products for human consumption, promoting their integral valorisation and reincorporation to the food supply chain within the circular bioeconomy concept, creating revenue streams, business and job opportunities. In this review, the main goal was to provide a general overview of the food agro-industrial by-products utilised throughout the years, improving global sustainability and human nutrition, emphasising the importance of biowaste valorisation as well as the methodologies employed for the recovery of value-added molecules.
Original languageEnglish
Article number113571
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume299
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Bioactive molecule
  • Biowaste valorisation
  • Circular bioeconomy
  • Food by-product
  • Green chemistry
  • Resource recovery

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