A abordagem Rime e o universalismo no budismo tibetano
: a relevância do movimento religioso não-sectário no século XIX e o seu papel como elemento político unificador na actualidade

  • José António Barradas Carvalho (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


In the province of Kham, eastern Tibet, in the second half of the nineteenth century there was a religious and cultural blossoming later named Rime movement.
A community of Tibetan Buddhist masters from various Schools, whose most prominent figures were Jamgon Kongtrul, Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo and Chokgyur Lingpa, collected, compiled, wrote and disseminated a large collection of texts and teachings belonging to the eight lineages of Buddhism brought from India.
The basis of this project was the Ris med or Rime approach, which acknowledges the differences between the various lineages but accepts that all have the same potential. It is a non-sectarian approach, whose champions wanted it to be trait of Buddhism from the beginning.
This thesis analyzes the reasons why this phenomenon arose in eastern Tibet in the nineteenth century and his legacy, whether it is a movement or not and finally discusses the various views taken on its main features.
We conclude arguing that the Rime approach provides the framework for the activities of Central Tibetan Administration in Exile headed by the Dalai Lama and by discussing how this political and religious leader made use of it to build the identity of a people that endures hardships both in Tibet and in exile.
Date of Award2014
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorManuel Lobato (Supervisor)


  • Mestrado em Estudos Orientais

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