A crise económica e financeira na Europa e o seu reflexo na política de segurança coletiva
: as novas iniciativas desenvolvidas no âmbito da OTAN e UE : Smart Defence e Pooling and Sharing

  • Sofia Morais Vieira da Silva Lobão (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


Being the Security and Defence one of the necessary pillars for the normal functioning of any society, it is essential, in these days, to disclose all aspects related to the functioning and costs incurred in the defence, particularly the Armed Forces. Because the costs of defence are high, but the costs of their absence are far superior. Considering the economic and financial crisis affecting Europe since 2008, which led to extreme situations of some countries that cannot fund their savings in financial markets, having the need for outside help by signing Memorandum of Understanding with the Troika (European Commission, International Monetary Fund and European Central Bank), in this work was proceeded the analysis of the indicators of crisis, indicators that characterize the excessive deficit, for countries that constitute the Atlantic Alliance and the Member States of the European Union. For the refered countries a comprehensive analysis of public expenditure was made in the area of defence, either current prices or constant, passing through the various budgets. Then were identified the various solutions/initiatives undertaken by NATO and the EU in order to do more with less, that is to say, achieving synergies in the development, production and use of military capabilities as a way to combat the crisis. Various projects related to “Smart Defence” (NATO) and “Pooling and Sharing” (EU) were presented. In the framework of the “Smart Defence” and “Pooling and Sharing”, were identified solutions/initiatives taken up by Portugal and finally validated the research design described in the methodology.
Date of Award16 Jul 2014
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorAdriano Moreira (Supervisor) & António Rebelo Duarte (Co-Supervisor)


  • Smart Defense
  • Pooling and Sharing
  • Economic and financial crisis
  • Collective security
  • Organization of the North Atlantic Treaty
  • European Union
  • Public expenditure
  • National Defense
  • Expenditure in the defence area
  • Projects
  • Capabilities


  • Mestrado em Estudos Europeus

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