A dor na pessoa com ferida crónica

  • Salomé Gomes Reis (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis

Abstract

Even though pain is considered the fifth vital sign and the Health Ministry defined a National Plan against it, the evaluation and appreciation of pain still isn’t considered a priority, particularly in wound care. The evaluation and control of pain in the person with a chronic wound is a priority because, besides the difficulties and anxieties caused by the chronic wound, pain means suffering, compromising the quality of life and interfering in the person’s different Life’s Activities. However, there is a focalization in wound healing, ignoring the evaluation of pain and its impact, not only in the moment when the wound is treated, but also in the daily activities. For these reasons and intending to analyze the experiences of pain in the person with chronic wound, understand its impact in the different Life’s Activities and identify the factors that influence pain and its control in chronic wounds, we developed this study, intending to contribute to the quality of health care, given to the person with a chronic wound and associated pain. This study is qualitative, descriptive and transversal. We conducted twelve interviews with people with chronic wound and pain associated, that corresponded to the sample selection criteria, in the Health Centers of Torres Novas (including the headquarters, extension of Riachos and Brogueira), Entroncamento e Alcanena. The results obtained, revealed that pain causes different negative feelings, being the conformism towards it, a feeling present in the interviews, which shouldn’t be expected nowadays, due to the guidelines defined, that value evaluation and pain control. The impact of pain is notorious in almost every Life’s Activities and in the social relationships, contributing to feelings of sadness, depression and anguish. The reduction of the family’s economic power is a consequence of the inability to develop an occupation, because of the pain associated to the wound, and puts the evolution of the wound at risk, because of the inability to maintain the recommended medication. The nursing staff is considered a source of support to overcome negative aspects of living with pain, although there are still some gaps in the evaluation and control of pain by the health professionals.
Date of Award2012
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorMaria Teresa Pereira Serrano (Supervisor)

Keywords

  • Pain
  • Chronic wound
  • Life’s activities
  • Feelings

Designation

  • Mestrado em Feridas e Viabilidade Tecidular

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