A relação entre a atenção e as funções executivas e a perceção do tempo na perturbação de hiperatividade e défice de atenção
: uma revisão

  • João Rafael Martins Lopes (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


Introduction: The study of how individuals diagnosed with AttentionDeficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) perceive and utilize information related to thepassage of time has evolved in recent decades. Currently, it is believed that thisrelationship is dependent on factors such as the executive functioning. This review aimsto analyze the most recent studies that explore this relationship.Method: The present literature review brings together literature associated to thisrelationship that has been published in scientific journals between January 1st, 2000 andOctober 10th, 2020. Several exclusion criteria were applied, mostly based uponmethodological variances and possible comorbilities. In the end, 18 studies wereincluded.Results: The results indicated that working memory is the executive function that hasbeen the most researched and also the one that demonstrates the strongest correlation withthe perception of time, a finding that supports the current theoretical models. However,other functions such as attention and inhibition also showed significant correlations,suggesting possible influences in the way we evaluate and intervene in this population.Conclusions: The present review supports the literature that denotes the importance oftime perception during assessment and intervention with the ADHD population.Signiticant correlations with several executive functions shows its impact during dailyactivities and how difficulties in this domain can be expressed in several distinctive ways.
Date of Award25 Feb 2021
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorFilipa Ribeiro (Supervisor) & Ricardo Lopes (Co-Supervisor)


  • ADHD
  • Time perception
  • Executive functions


  • Mestrado em Neuropsicologia

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