A relação entre a congruência da liderança e a sua eficácia
: o papel das características dos membros da equipa

  • Ágata Catarina da Silva Faria (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


The main objective of this study was to understand employees' perceptions of their leader's behaviors and its impact on employees' relationship with the organization. It sought to test the main premise of the Leadership Efficacy Model (Gomes, 2020), which postulates that the more congruent the leader is in the leadership cycles, the greater his efficacy will be, considering the moderating influence of member characteristics. It tested the moderating role of member characteristics, competence and self-confidence, on maximizing the relationship between leadership congruence and leadership efficacy, measured through job satisfaction and absenteeism. 99 employees of two different organizations completed a questionnaire. The results confirmed the model's assumption regarding job satisfaction: the more congruent the leader is perceived, the higher employees' reported job satisfaction. Regarding the characteristics of the members, the results showed that this relationship was not moderated by competence and self-confidence. In sum, and regardless of the perceived competence and self- confidence of team members, the perception that the leader is congruent in their actions predicts participants' job satisfaction.
Date of Award12 Jul 2022
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorCatarina Morais (Supervisor)


  • Leadership
  • Job satisfaction
  • Absenteeism
  • Competence
  • Self-confidence


  • Mestrado em Psicologia e Desenvolvimento de Recursos Humanos

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