A relação entre a congruência da liderança, o compromisso e absentismo dos colaboradores
: o papel moderador da antiguidade

  • Sara Vanessa Teixeira Couto (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


Using the leadership efficacy model (Gomes, 2014, 2021) as the theoretical framework, this study aims to understand (1) the contribution of the congruence between the desired leadership by the workers and the practiced leadership by their leader in the workers’ commitment and absenteeism, as well as (2) to examine the moderating role of the tenure in these relationships. The data was collected from a survey with a sample of 237 participants. Regarding absenteeism, despite being found that the workers with more tenure have a highest absenteeism index, congruence perception did not contribute to a decrease of the absenteeism index. On the other hand, the results supported the assumption that the higher the workers’ perception of the leadership congruence, the higher their organizational commitment levels. Additionally, it was found that, as expected, the relationship between the leadership congruence perception and the workers’ commitment is weaker in the workers with more tenure. Overall, the results suggested that when the leader’s behaviors are accepted by the workers, the higher the efficacy of their actions is. Nevertheless, it is important to consider factors such as tenure since this might influence the efficacy of leadership
Date of Award13 Jul 2021
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorCatarina Morais (Supervisor)


  • Desired leadership
  • Practiced leadership
  • Congruence
  • Worker’s perception
  • Permanence in the organization
  • Absence


  • Mestrado em Psicologia e Desenvolvimento de Recursos Humanos

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