Ajustamento ao envelhecimento no adulto mais velho
: papel dos estereótipos negativos sobre a velhice, de variáveis sociodemográficas e da perceção subjetiva de saúde

  • Regina Sofia Gomes da Costa (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


Introduction: Adjustment to aging can be negatively influenced by negative stereotypes,sociodemographic variables and the subjective perception of health of older adults inrelation to age in the various domains of adjustment.Objectives: To explore the relationship between negative stereotypes, sociodemographicvariables (sex, age, marital status, education, area of residence, cohabitation) and thesubjective perception of health in adjusting to aging.4Method: A brief sociodemographic questionnaire, the Aging Adjustment Scale and theAging Negative Stereotypes Questionnaire were completed by 72 healthy older adults,with an average age of 73.72 years (SD = 5.85, range = 65-91 years).Results: Age is not significantly correlated with adjustment and negative stereotypes, butthere were trends according to age groups. The male gender scored significant levels ofSense of Purpose, with variation of trends between the sexes in the stereotypes. Marriedindividuals scored significant levels of Social Support in the adjustment and widowedindividuals revealed a significant trend of stereotypes about Health. Individuals with lesseducation scored significant levels of Zest and Spirituality in the adjustment and revealsignificant tendency to negative stereotypes in all cases. factors. There was variation innon-significant trends in adjustment and stereotypes as a function of subjective perceptionof health. Negative stereotypes about Health and Personality are significantly correlatedwith the Aging in place factor in adjustment to aging.Conclusions: Sociodemographic variables, subjective health perception and negativestereotypes do not negatively influence the adjustment to aging.
Date of Award3 Feb 2021
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorBerta Rodrigues Maia (Supervisor)


  • Aging adjustment
  • Stereotypes
  • Older adults
  • Sociodemographic variables
  • Health


  • Mestrado em Psicologia Clínica e da Saúde

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