Alterações climáticas
: considerações sobre a (potencial) maior crise de direitos humanos da história

  • Henrique Maria de Bettencourt Moreira de Sousa (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


Our dissertation aims to address the relationship between climate change and human rights, arguing that the former is already responsible for a human rights crisis, but if these are not satisfactorily mitigated, we will be facing the biggest human rights crisis in the world history, due to its extension both at the territorial level and in terms of the number of victims. Based on this premise, we will delve deeper into some of the aspects of this crisis. Initially, we will give an overview of climate change and then analyze which human rights are most affected by it. Next, we discuss the fact that climate change is a source of inequalities, mentioning that the climate emergency mitigation measures themselves may also be a source of inequalities. While it is true that climate change can affect any human being, the truth is that there are particularly vulnerable groups, we will identify and analyze these groups. We will address the role of States, namely their obligations in the face of the threat to human rights posed by climate change. Finally, we will introduce a legal tool that, in our view, could be beneficial in the fight against climate change, global environmental constitutionalism.
Date of Award1 Jul 2022
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorCatarina Santos Botelho (Supervisor)


  • Climate change
  • Human rights
  • Inequalities
  • Global environmental constitutionalism


  • Mestrado em Direito

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