Animating materials
: biofeedback as an interface to create materials for stop-motion cinema

  • Ema Vitória Fonseca Lavrador (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


This dissertation explores the potential of biofeedback as an interface for creating materials in stop-motion cinema, also exploring the aesthetic and narrative advantages of incorporating biofeedback technologies and interfaces in animation cinema. The study focuses on the intersection between art created by biofeedback interfaces and the materiality of animation, with particular emphasis on vision-touch synaesthesia and haptic visuality. The main objective of this dissertation is to explore how biofeedback interfaces can be used to collect data from the human body and adapt materials for use in animation cinema, specifically in the context of stop-motion animation. Through the analysis of case studies involving animation films with haptic visuality and works of art that use biofeedback to create materials, we seek to establish connections between these works and their haptic and kinaesthetic elements and bodily experiences. The findings of this project reveal that biofeedback technology, and its ability to translate biological information into graphic and three-dimensional signals, present an opportunity to bridge the gap between the animator's body, the viewer's body, and the animated makings. By incorporating biofeedback as an interface, animation creators can go beyond the superficial sensations and perceptions of the viewer's body, thus creating a more immersive and engaging cinematic experience. This exploration opens up new possibilities for integrating haptic elements through technological interfaces into animation cinema, leading to heightened aesthetic and narrative dimensions.
Date of Award14 Dec 2023
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorSahra Kunz (Supervisor) & Cristina Sá (Co-Supervisor)


  • Animation cinema
  • Biofeedback interfaces
  • Haptic visuality
  • Stop-motion
  • Vision-touch synaesthesia


  • Mestrado em Som e Imagem

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