After 9/11 of 2001, and regarding Europe, the Madrid (4/11 of 2004) and London (7/7 of 2005) terrorist attacks, it became apparent to most States the need to identify and collaborate with moderates inside the Muslim community. However, several Islamic organizations, despite of pursuing an agenda contrary to certain principles of the rule of law, just because their condemnation of terrorism, they were chosen (and financed) regarding jihadism terrorist fighting. So, for that matter we have to answer the following question: Islamic Radicalism Ideology, using non-violence is incompatible with liberal democracy or is an accommodation effort, bearing in mind the example of Hizb ut Tahrir in Great Britain (1986-2015)? On chapter one, it will be necessary to define the thesis object, which is the definition of radical Islamism, using non-violence, and also some operative concepts, considered essential for the PHD thesis development. On chapter two, it will be analyzed the objective and strategy of Islamic Radicalism by non-violence, which represents threats to liberal democracy by the individuals and groups that supports that ideology. On chapter three, it will be analyzed why these threats emerged and how they are so difficult to combat — because the lack of knowledge and legitimization of Islamic radicalism using non-violence by political advisors. On chapter 4, it will be analyzed the radicalization process on Islamic extremism and its combat. On chapter 5, it will be analyzed Hizb Ut Tahrir, an Islamic group that supports the ideology of Radical Islamism through nonviolence, on Great Britain from 1986 to 2015. On chapter 6, it will be tested the two principles of the rule of law required for political advisors to engage with nonviolent Islamic groups. Finally, it will be drawn the doctoral thesis conclusions.
|Date of Award||2019|
- Universidade Católica Portuguesa
|Supervisor||José Fontes (Supervisor)|
- Radical islamism
- Nonviolent threats
- Doutoramento em Ciência Política e Relações Internacionais: Segurança e Defesa