The present work has a cognitivist orientation. Its object of study was the neologies of Physics in sign languages, which had been raised in three corpora built especially for this purpose, and analyzed by two complementary investigative approaches: by terminology and by linguistics. The terminological approach, based mainly on the Communicative Theory of Terminology (Cabré 1998b, 2002a, 2003), focused on the terminological methodologies of the creation, prescription and recording of physics neologies in sign languages, whose  corpus was composed of scientific publications that described the methodology used in such processes. The linguistic approach, based on Taub (2000) and Cuxac (1993, 1999, 2003; Cuxac & Sallandre, 2002, 2007), analyzed the iconic structure of the objects of study, seeking to identify the referent for which it established relations of analogical similarities. To this end, a methodology was constructed for qualitative verification of the iconic relations between the "iconic referent" and the "conceptual referent", which were conceived as two semiotic instances, and taken as qualitative analytical tools to identify/evaluate the iconic-conceptual ambiguity of sign-terms. This investigative stage focused both on  the signed corpus constituted by the neologies reported by each idem of the terminological corpus; and on  the conceptual reference corpora, which were constituted by didactic manuals of physics. The results showed that a terminological work will have terminological problems in its products if: [a] is not supported by a terminological theory, [b] nor carried out by a competent terminological team (cf. Cabré, 1999), [c] nor built by a consistent documentation of the work materials, [d] and nor carried out under a terminological methodology appropriate to the type of work intended. And they also showed that if the above premises are confirmed, in addition to terminological problems, a terminological work will also have linguistic problems. The theoretical discussions regarding iconicity indicate the possibility of articulating Taub's model (op. cit.) with Cuxac's semiology (op. cit.), which would reveal iconicity as a phenomenon of language (le langage) that operates i) semiotically, ii) cognitively and iii) linguistically, where the latter operates in the domains of language (la langue) and speech (la parole). As a secondary result, derived from the additional considerations, we propose a systematized methodology for the neological creation of iconic sign-terms and present, at the end, some advice on how to carry out a terminological work of neological creation in sign languages, in the field of school subjects, in a minimally consistent way.
|Date of Award||25 Sep 2019|
|Supervisor||Ana Mineiro (Supervisor) & Celda Maria Gonçalves Morgado (Supervisor)|
- Doutoramento em Ciências da Cognição e da Linguagem