Bem-estar subjetivo de adeptos de futebol durante a interdição de público nos estádios devido à pandemia COVID-19

  • Filipa Sofia Sant'Ana Lopes Malheiro Sardo (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


The COVID-19 pandemic brought the need to take measures to promote public health and prevent contagion. All sports shows, including football matches, were banned from access by the public, taking place without fans in the stands. This exploratory study, with a quantitative and qualitative approach, aimed to know how football fans perceived the impact that the ban on the public in football stadiums had on their well-being. A total of 431 football fans (71% men) living in Portugal, aged between 18 and 74 years old, participated in this investigation. Data were collected through an online questionnaire, which included questions on sociodemographic characterization and characterization of the type of supporter; Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) and Mental Health Continnum Short Form (MHCF-SF), adapted to assess subjective well-being in this context,as well as some open-ended questions. It was concluded that the ban on the public in football stadiums had a negative impact on the subjective well-being of supporters, especially on participants with a high degree of affection for the club. The themes emerging from the content analysis process proved the negative effects on subjective well-being, highlighting the areas in which it was most felt, namely in the change and break of routines, the perceived feelings and emotions and the impossibility of expressing support for the team. The implications of the study refer to the importance that attending football matches in person has on the subjective well-being of the respective supporters. Future investigations are necessary to support these results, studying in more depth the impact that football has on the well-being of its fans, regardless of the pandemic context that framed our investigation.
Date of Award30 Nov 2022
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorCristina Isabel Albuquerque Godinho (Supervisor)


  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • Public interdiction
  • Football supporters
  • Subjective well- being
  • Club affection


  • Mestrado em Psicologia do Bem-Estar e Promoção da Saúde

Cite this