Como é que a literatura aborda as práticas de atração, retenção e desenvolvimento no contexto das start-ups
: uma revisão sistemática de literatura

  • Tiago Barros Arcanjo (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


This study has as its main objective to answer how literature presents the practices of employee attraction, retention and development in start-ups. With this, a systematic literature review (SLR) was conducted, involving a sample of 14 articles, in accordance to the SLR protocol. These were subjected to a content analysis method and it was possible to select, interpret, synthesize and analyze the results of studies carried out within this topic and within the last 5 years. The results reveal difficulties and challenges imposed by the specific characteristics of a start-up, highlighting the need to invest in differentiation practices of employee attraction, retention, and development, through the implementation and maintenance of innovative processes and strategies. These could be: a total reward strategy, hybrid work, flexible hours, extra vacations, among others. The continuous development of employees' skills is also essential for the sustainability and growth of a start-up, namely through training opportunities, inclusion in robust teams, and career management adjusted to the needs and goals of each professional.
Date of Award6 Dec 2021
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorEva Dias de Oliveira (Supervisor) & Maria Isabel G. G. Castro Guimarães (Co-Supervisor)


  • Start-up
  • Employee attraction
  • Employee retention
  • Employee development


  • Mestrado em Gestão de Recursos Humanos

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