Deformidades do pé nas pessoas com diabetes
: estudo de prevalência

  • Cláudia Patrícia Sobreira Araújo (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis

Abstract

Diabetes is considered a global scourge, not only reach millions of persons, but also because there has been an increase in its prevalence and, consequently, its chronic complications. The-se complications are reflected not only in increased spending in health, as in the suffering of people with diabetes, their family and community, and psychological strain that health profes-sionals remain concerned and interested in improving the control of the disease situation. Among the complications that arise out of diabetes is the diabetic foot. This will be important to know the prevalence of different deformities that are themselves risk factors for ulceration. The recognition of precipitating factors for foot injury presents itself as an aspect on which health professionals should be alert in order to ensure the identification of people at risk of foot ulcera-tion and invest in education of the person and their family members, according to their needs. The present study, quantitative and cross approach, supported on an assessment of the preva-lence of different foot deformities in people with diabetes. For this research recognized the need to build an instrument for data collection (Form Evaluation of Foot Deformities in Diabetes and Footwear), which integrates the information necessary to meet the goals outlined, as well as a characterization of the sample form (Form Social-Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of the Sample). The study was carried out on a sample of 287 people with type 1 diabetes and type 2, selected by simple random sampling from among the 731 users enrolled in the Unit of Primary Health Care of Caminha, of the Local Health Unit of Alto Minho, EPE. Among the investigated foot deformities – bony deformities, joint deformities, skin deformities and nail deformities – the nail deformities (65%) and the skin deformities (65%) were identified as the most prevalent, along with the use of inadequate footwear (53%).
Date of AwardApr 2012
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorJoão Amado (Supervisor)

Keywords

  • Prevalence
  • Deformities of the foot
  • Footwear
  • Diabetic foot

Designation

  • Mestrado em Feridas e Viabilidade Tecidular

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