The use of cognitive emotion regulation strategies in response to stressful events varies according to the country and culture. Most of the researchers about this topic are limited to comparisons between American and Asian cultures. This study aimed to compare two European countries and a South American country, to investigate cross-cultural differences in the use of cognitive strategies and to test whether the relationship between specific strategies and psychopathology varies between countries. The studied group included 457 adults, of both sexes from Portugal, Finland and Brazil. CERC- Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire was used to measure cross-cultural cognitive emotion regulation strategies, and DASS-21 - Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, was used to measure the levels of depression, anxiety and stress perceived by the population. Results showed significant differences in almost all CERQ subscales. Most notably, there were differences in strategies that were associated with symptoms of psychopathology; Portugal made less use of strategies such as self-blame, rumination, catastrophizing and others-blame, when compared to Finland and Brazil. Brazil made more use of strategies such as putting into perspective, positive reappraisal, planning and positive refocus than Portugal and Finland.Overall, Finland made more use of strategies such as acceptance, self-blame, rumination, catastrophizing and others-blame. The use of self-blame predicted depression in all countries. As expected, there were cross-cultural differences in the use of cognitive strategies, and these results provide relevant data that support the consistent relationship between cognitive strategies and psychopathology across countries and support the idea of transcultural approach to treat psychopathology. Some limitations and suggestions for future investigations were also addressed.
|Date of Award||17 Dec 2020|
- Universidade Católica Portuguesa
|Supervisor||Susana Costa Ramalho (Supervisor)|
- Cognitive emotion regulation
- Mestrado em Psicologia do Bem-Estar e Promoção da Saúde