Introduction: Old age is the stage of life that has the most myths and associated stereotypes(Duran-Badillo et al., 2016), with personality factors being considered significantdeterminants of ageism (Allan, Johnson, & Emerson, 2014).Aim: Explore the relationship between negative stereotypes and the personality in differentphases of the life cycle.Sample: A total of 291 adults and older adults with a mean age of 42.31 years (DP = 20.96,range = 18-91) completed the Negative Stereotypes Towards Aging Questionnaire and theNEO-Five Factor Inventory.Results: Older adults reported more ageist attitudes than younger adults and individuals withlower levels of education, widowers and individuals residing in rural areas had higher scoresof negative stereotypes. Regarding personality, the dimension of Openness to Experiencedecreased with age and higher levels of Openness to Experience are associated with morepositive attitudes towards aging.Conclusion: It is important to develop interventions that aim to change the negative view onthis age group, in order to make older adults feel valued and integrated in today's society. Theimplications of negative stereotypes negatively influence physical and mental health (Ayalon& Tesch-Römer, 2017), with an increase in anxiety and a decrease in independence andquality of life (Swift, Abrams, Lamont, & Drury, 2017).
|Date of Award||3 Feb 2021|
- Universidade Católica Portuguesa
|Supervisor||Berta Rodrigues Maia (Supervisor)|
- Stereotypes about aging
- Personality types
- Age groups
- Mestrado em Psicologia Clínica e da Saúde