Lifestyle is a current theme and has received the attention of various bodies such as the World Health Organization and the national and international scientific communities, having been suggested by de Directorate of Health for greater knowledge about lifestyles as determining factors that influence the origin, the evolution and the positive health outcome of people and communities. Among health determinants, lifestyle is defined as the set of habits and response behaviours used in certain everyday situations, perceived through a process of socialization, adapted and tested throughout life. It is considered a critical factor for health, illness, disability and premature mortality in developed societies. The social and human sciences, in a multidisciplinary approach, have taken an important step in understanding some protective and risk factors, with the increase in the level of literacy in health education through empirical studies based on scientific evidence. Personal well-being combines the degree that each person attributes to their satisfaction with life as a whole with the ability to cope with life processes that occur during the stages of development and growth as an individual. Adolescence, the stage of human development and growth, has risks and challenges inherent to this age range, which vary according to different social and cultural contexts. Thus, the purpose of this study is to get to know and describe the lifestyle and well-being of adolescents from high school in public schools in Matosinhos municipality. This is a cross-sectional, quantitative, descriptive-correlational study with frequency analysis and statistical correlations to describe the relationships between the variables capable of characterizing the lifestyle and wellbeing of adolescents in schools. We used data collection tools: a sociodemographic characterization questionnaire, and both the "My Lifestyle" scale and the "IPBE-Índice Pessoal de Bem-Estar" scale. The sample was composed by 367 adolescent students from two schools of Matosinhos municipality. The results shows that there are statistically significant differences between the domain groups: “Tobacco”, “Family and Friends” and “Other Behaviours”, in which the average scores express greater value in relation to the healthy lifestyle. We have found a positive and significant relationship between the FANTÁSTICO lifestyle and the well-being associated with the type of school they attend. School plays a key role in lifestyle and wellbeing. Taking into account the results obtained, we are convinced that the nursing intervention in school health could help in controlling the factors that positively influence the lifestyle and well-being, being an added value for the achievement of health gains.
|Date of Award||23 Mar 2018|
- Universidade Católica Portuguesa
|Supervisor||Constança Festas (Supervisor)|
- School health