Evolution and reinforcement of regime propaganda in the 'Panorama' program on Belarus 1 TV Channel
: a pre- and post-Russian-Ukrainian war analysis

  • Anastasiya Vincho (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


This thesis examines the transformation of propaganda narratives within Belarusian state media, focusing on the "Panorama" program aired on Belarus 1 television, in the aftermath of Russia's military intervention in Ukraine in 2022. Drawing from extensive research, including the "Media IQ" project and insights from Belarusian experts, the study investigates how Belarusian state media
shifted its coverage of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, departing from its prior stance of information sovereignty. The analysis reveals a notable increase in negative portrayals of Ukrainian matters and a decrease in positive coverage of Russian subjects, aligning closely with Belarusian authorities' positions. Additionally, the study highlights the strategic use of World War II imagery
to depict Ukraine as an adversary and explores how generational differences contribute to the prevalence of state-controlled media in Belarus. A mixed-methods approach, combining quantitative content analysis and qualitative interviews, provides a nuanced understanding of propaganda dynamics in Belarus. While the study acknowledges limitations related to its timeframe and data sources, it offers valuable insights into propaganda's role in shaping public
opinion and calls for longitudinal studies, diverse media sources, media literacy programs, and transparency and accountability within media organizations. Ultimately, this research serves as a starting point for further exploration of propaganda in authoritarian contexts, emphasizing the importance of truth and transparency in an era where information is a potent tool.
Date of Award15 Jan 2024
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorNelson Ribeiro (Supervisor)


  • Belarus
  • Regime propaganda
  • Government-sponsored media
  • Russia-Ukraine conflict
  • Information sovereignty
  • World War II imagery
  • Media manipulation
  • Media literacy


  • Mestrado em Ciências da Comunicação

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