Guerra híbrida vs Gibridnaya Voyna
: o conflito na Ucrânia

  • Jorge Rafael Monte Costa de Jesus Silva (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


In recent decades, the changes that contemporary war has undergone have been debated. The aim of this dissertation is to perform an analysis of the concept of what many theorizers call Hybrid Warfare. Hybrid Warfare is a concept that gained expression with the events in Ukraine in 2014, in which Russia developed synchronized actions, using various instruments of power, to exploit the vulnerabilities of its opponents and achieve its political objectives. The concept of Hybrid Warfare has been heavily politicized in both the West and Russia. The concept, which initially explained the nature of contemporary conflicts, was militarized, becoming a power tool to influence the financial, political, and public perception in both Russia and the West and the dispute between the two. This "new" war encompasses failed states and non-state actors, supported by states that exploit various means, employing a diverse combination of war and tactics simultaneously. It is important to understand the characteristics of change, its nature, its relationship, and its history for an effective understanding of the phenomenon. We will take a deeper look at the thinking and model of Hybrid Warfare perpetrated by Russia, also known as Gibridnaya Voyna, on the annexation of Crimea and the intervention in eastern Ukraine in 2014. After Moscow's invasion of Crimea and support for insurgents in Eastern Ukraine, the concept of Hybrid Warfare served to describe Russia’s new threat to Western security. The concept itself – a mixture of conventional and non-regular tactics to achieve political and military objectives – is not new. On the other hand, Russian strategists also refer to US actions, to weaken and overthrow hostile governments, in particular Russian governments, as hybrid, using various overt and covert means.
Date of Award3 Nov 2021
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorFrancisco Proença Garcia (Supervisor) & António Gameiro Marques (Co-Supervisor)


  • Mestrado em Ciência Política e Relações Internacionais: Segurança e Defesa

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