Mistura de som para cinema em Surround 5.1
: uma análise de tendências estabelecidas

  • Rita dos Santos Silva Gradim (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


The study here presented originates from the need to answer questions that often arise during the process of sound mixing in 5.1 surround for cinema. These questions focus on the reasons behind certains choices done during the mixing process, which implicitly have become mixing conventions or unwritten rules. That being said, the main objective of this dissertation is to understand what determined some of the mixing tendencies implemented since the beginning of the use of 5.1 surround system. In order to collect information, three projects were designed: the analysis of films acknowledged by the Academy; interviews with sound engineers, wether re-recording mixers or recording engineers; and a re-mixing exercise. From the results gathered during the analysis, one was able to understand the evolution of certain aspects of sound mixing, which in turn elicited some of the topics dicussed during the interviews. With the re-mixing exercise, where different engineers had to mix the same 5 minutes of a short-film, it was shown that a human component does truly exist during the mixing process and because of that the results will be different, therefore consisting on a really subjective process. Based on the results acquired we can conclude that there are a series of elements, like the technological evolution and the artistic interpretation from the mixers, that have influenced and still influence the aesthetic choices, Considering that technology is the main influential element in the sound mixing process, it would be interesting to know which technologies improved or opened the door to other concepts or tendencies during sound mixing for film.
Date of Award2015
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorPedro Duarte Pestana (Supervisor)


  • Surround
  • Sound design
  • Sound mixing
  • Technology
  • Movies


  • Mestrado em Som e Imagem

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