O banho pré-operatório
: perspetiva histórica e contemporânea

Translated title of the thesis: Preoperative bathing: historical and contemporary perspectives
  • Rute Isabel Maravilha Moreira (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


This report represents the path of acquisition and development of specialized skills, within the Master’s Degree in Nursing, in the specialization area of Medical-Surgical Nursing: Person in Critical Situation, taught at the Institute of Health Sciences of the Catholic University of Portugal in Lisbon. As a theoretical background for the preparation of this report, two theoretical models were referenced, the Theory of Human Caring, by Jean Watson, and the Novice to Expert Model, by Patricia Benner, due to their relevance and alignment with this document. This learning process will be explained in this report in two chapters. The first chapter focuses on a research process, a systematic review of literature that includes both evidence-based and opinion-based texts, with the theme of Nursing Intervention: Preoperative Bath, from a historical and documentary perspective. The aim is to demonstrate the process of development of master skills in an environment with scientific evidence. With the systematic review of evidence-based and opinion-based literature completed, it is concluded that the preoperative bath is a nursing intervention identified as an essential practice for the decrease of skin microbiota, however its effectiveness in decreasing the surgical site infection is an unresolved issue, being evident in numerous studies analyzed. The acquisition of common and specific skills of the specialist nurse in Medical Surgical Nursing with a focus on the Person in Critical Situation, as well as those inherent to the master's degree will be covered in the second chapter, which pertains to critical and reflective analysis. These skills were acquired in the internship context, in a General and Polyvalent Emergency Service (SUGP) and in a Local Unit of the Infection Prevention and Antimicrobial Resistance Control Program (UL PPCIRA). This report is intended to be a demonstration of the entire academic journey, with the goal of providing a more humane, adequate and safe care.
Date of Award28 Nov 2023
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorMaria Manuela Madureira Lebre Mendes (Supervisor)


  • Critical patient
  • Preoperative bath
  • Specialized skills
  • Nursing care


  • Mestrado em Enfermagem

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