O fundamentalismo islâmico e o terrorismo

  • Roberto Carlos Ramos (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis

Abstract

The present study research pretends to explain about the Islamic fundamentalism and its symbioses with the terrorism. I´ll try to characterize the identic fundamentalism and identify the essential typology of the jihadist terrorism, the mutation occurred in the forms of actual terrorism, nature, motivations, objectives and the consequences for the contemporary global words, mostly with the joining of new asymmetric actors like the Al-Qaeda. The terrorism has caused much insecurity at the occidental society. The widespread threat of the Muslim fundamentalist terrorism is perceived as a usurper of liberty and it has also compromised the collective security, being able to cause destruction of the basic structures of the state-nation. Naturally, we understand that from the Muslim fundamentalist part; they hate the occident, especially the United States of America an the Europe, because of their politic of cultural imposition, a political regime imposed of the Middle East countries, and most of all the economic interest, motivated by the petroleum, it has caused a great revolt in the Arabic world, which also has, as a purpose, the expansion of the Muslim. As a reaction, they are seen as radical Muslims, capable of sacrificing their own in God´s name, they die as martyr, causing acts of terrorism against the invasive, as a way of protecting and expanding their own culture and religion. That´s where the greatest challenge of the century will dwell: that is to find solutions that prevent the development of the Muslim radical terrorists, through the system of information, security, military and, especially the change of the occidental politics before the Middle Orient. And we will achieve closure by presenting many hypotheses solutions and strategies, together with the states and civil societies, fighting the global terrorism, this means positive view, constructor of peace in fraternal relationship between different cultures, which are more efficient and do not violate the universal human values.
Date of Award2012
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorManuel Fernando Vizela Cardoso (Supervisor)

Keywords

  • Islamic fundamentalism
  • Terrorism
  • Security
  • Threats
  • Strategies
  • Information

Designation

  • Mestrado em Ciência Política, Governação e Relações Internacionais

Cite this

'