This study aimed to understand the extent to which changes in gender ideology impact on longer and shared parental leave. The method used was a systematic literature review (SLR), as it is particularly well-equipped to deal with large amounts of literature. It was possible to identify and analyze the results of research on this topic published between 2015 and 2020. A sample of 30 articles, both theoretical and empirical, was selected according to the SLR protocol, whose contents was analyzed in detail. Results suggest that multiple factors influence how fathers are encouraged to take-up parental leave. While asserting its relevance, the literature concludes that progressive parental legislation has been insufficient to warrant fathers their right to fatherhood in a fully and effective equality context. Researchers show the persistence of traditional gender stereotypes originated from the old patriarchal model in society and organizations as well. They become embedded in gendered organizational behavior and practices and affect the decision of fathers to take-up longer parental leave. Thus, human resource management departments are confronted with a large challenge as they should seek to identify and attenuate the consequences of gendered behavior and procedure. They must also improve management's awareness to create conditions for gender equality to be effective. Research also shows the development of new masculinities that may prove challenging to human resource management.
- Parental leave
- Longer parental leave
- Gender equality
- New masculinities
- Mestrado em Gestão de Recursos Humanos