The main purpose of this dissertation is the study of the crime of trafficking in persons at an international level. For the comprehension of the above mentioned, we will start with the analysis of the legal instruments that exist for the prevention and combat of this crime. Since human trafficking is considered an imperative rule of international law, we also take on a brief study of the jus cogens norms and their effects on the international community. Finally, a reference to the European Convention of Human Rights and the European Court of Human Rights, and of the positive obligations that can emerge of these instruments. As it is one of the main organs combating this hideous crime, the final part of this investigation will lead us to the analysis of one of the cases that had greatest importance in this matter. The Ratsev vs. Cyprus and Russia has it was a turning point in this regard, due to the application of article 4 of the Convention, which provoke positive obligations for both states involved, which culminated in their conviction for the violation of article 4.
|Date of Award||27 Sept 2021|
- Universidade Católica Portuguesa
|Supervisor||José Azeredo Lopes (Supervisor)|
- Trafficking in persons
- Jus Cogens
- Case Rantsev vs. Cyprus and Russia