Os incoterms 2020 como fonte de direito da contratação comercial internacional

  • Raquel Alexandra Almeida e Silva (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


In this dissertation we aim to talk about Incoterms 2020, prepared by ICC. There were several changes made to Incoterms 2010 that must be dissected, as well as listing the various commercial terms and their main aspects. In addition, it is always important to investigate the legal nature of these international commercial terms. The discussion on the legal nature of Incoterms as uses of international trade or as a manifestation of lex mercatoria, as well as the discussion on qualification as general contractual clauses will always be relevant. Trade is an economic activity that cannot be located only in a territory with defined and rigid borders. In this way, Commercial Law assumes a prominent role in international relations because it is universal and crosses the borders of the States themselves. It is common ground that merchants are constantly looking for new markets and economic spaces. This fact is particularly relevant for merchants from countries with small economies that depend on the international market to develop. Law also had to follow this evolution and did it through the regulation of international contracting. That said, it will be important to address all these issues, investigating both doctrine and jurisprudence, so that we can draw the final conclusions.
Date of Award8 Sept 2020
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorAna Afonso (Supervisor)


  • Lex mercatoria
  • International trade
  • Purchase contract
  • International chamber of commerce
  • Uses of international trade
  • Interpretation of the international purchase contract
  • General contractual clauses
  • Incoterms


  • Mestrado em Direito

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