Padrões de consumo dos portugueses em ambiente de guerra no espaço europeu

  • Rui Bento Pereira e Cunha (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


The existence of a war in Europe, which began on 24 February 2022, with Russia's invasion of Ukraine, has generated economic, political and social consequences not only at European level, where Portugal is located, but also worldwide. This war caused a high number of fatalities and waves of refugees to neighboring countries. The energy crisis in Europe, caused by the reduction of oil and gas supplies from Russia, triggered a trend towards inflation, namely an increase in food prices and energy prices. In this way and given the relevance and contemporaneity of the exposed theme, this work arises with the primary objective of answering the research question "What were the changes in the consumption patterns of the Portuguese during the period of war in Europe". For this purpose, an analysis will be conducted consisting of the following points: (i) identify how different income classes were affected at the consumption level by the consequences of the war in Europe and (ii) investigate which products underwent the greatest variations in consumption by the Portuguese after the beginning of the armed confrontation. We sought to answer these questions by combining a quantitative methodology, through the analysis of survey data conducted and with qualitative methods, particularly interviews. The results allowed us to conclude that inflation impacted the Portuguese citizens surveyed in a different way according to their income. The analysis of several economic indicators allowed us to conclude that there was an impoverishment of the respondents belonging to the middle-income bracket. Respondents with lower incomes were very affected, but not in such an intense way as we would expect. Finally, respondents with higher incomes were the least affected by inflation and, consequently, were able to maintain their lifestyle.
Date of Award30 Oct 2023
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorCarla Martins (Supervisor) & Sandra Lima Coelho (Co-Supervisor)


  • Consumption patterns
  • Impacts of war
  • Ukraine-Russia war


  • Mestrado em Gestão

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