Para além da forma
: uma análise da representação estereotipada da comunidade LBGT+

  • Luísa de Castro Fernandes (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


This project consists of a theoretical research that fundaments the photographic project Para Além da Forma, and is composed of two parts, the first theoretical and the second practical, with the purpose of analysing the stereotypes associated with the LGBT+ Community, as well as creating a space where queer people can express themselves freely, away from prejudice. The theoretical part aims to support the practical part, by seeking to analyse the stereotypes associated with queer people, specifically gay men, lesbian women, bisexual people and trans people. I began by finding the origin of these stereotypes by correlating them with those created by misogyny. The scientific studies The Relationship between Masculinity and Internalized Homophobia amongst Australian Gay Men (2020, Jack Thepsourinthone, Tinashe Dune, Pranee Liamputtong & Amir Arora), Homosexuality in TV Situation Comedies: Characters and Verbal Comments (2005, Gregory Fouts, PhD & Rebecca Inch, BA), Why Visibility Matters: The impact of the rise of LGBT+ representation in the media (2017, Jennifer O’Brien, PhD), Lesbian Stereotypes (1992, Michele Eliason, PhD, Carol Donelan, MA & Carla Randall, MSN), Stereotype Deduction About Bisexual Women (2018, Alon Zivony & Tamar Saguy) were then used with the purpose of identifying the prejudices associated with each group. Photographic and cinematographic references were also identified with what can be considered as a positive representation of the LGBT+ community, based on the perspective that it contained a more varied representation based on reality, rather than relying on clichés. The practical part consists of a photographic project whose purpose was to offer a safe space, in which the queer people photographed could express themselves freely, so that they could express their individuality, and consequently demonstrate that the LGBT+ Community should not be defined by one set of stereotypes, whether negative or positive.
Date of Award18 Jan 2024
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorNuno Crespo (Supervisor)


  • Queer
  • Photographic
  • LGBT+
  • Cinema
  • Gay
  • Lesbian
  • Bisexual
  • Trans
  • Representation
  • Stereotypes


  • Mestrado em Fotografia

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