Within the EKC hypothesis (Environmental Kuznets Curve) research, my analysis, empirically grounded, intends to link economic growth and environmental quality in a possible symbiosis through environmental policies. The economic growth that prevailed in these last decades designs a paradigm underlying an industrial and post-industrial era. Having this background in mind, the present researcher emerges detached from his/her time, finding himself/herself lost between the different analyzes that concern the relationship between economic growth and environmental quality. Past studies claim that the environment and economy are on a path where sustainable growth is mandatory, opening a new chapter on how to facilitate or enhance economic activities without neglecting the environment. This study focuses on understanding the underlying advantages of using different environmental policies. These policies can translate into environmental taxes such as energy, resource, transport and even pollution taxes. In order to answer this problem, it is essential to understand how countries with different cultures, political background and economic power address these issues by describing their political and economic course over the past few decades and analyzing them under the light of the EKC. In this study, according to the development degree of each country, we verified the existence of an EKC for each of the countries that were analyzed and the contribution of environmental policies on a sustainable economic growth. According to the main results obtained, it is possible to confirm that environmental policies are used in a significant and more efficient way in developed countries and that laws and treaties that are imposed by a political and economic union can reinforce the policies on national level.
|Date of Award||9 Jul 2021|
- Universidade Católica Portuguesa
|Supervisor||Carlos Seixas (Supervisor) & José Maria Gaspar (Co-Supervisor)|
- Environmental quality
- Economic growth
- Environmental policies
- Environmental tax