Fake news is the name which fake news became popular, the major hitch thatprofessional journalism faces in the second decade of the 21st century, and the theme of thisdissertation. These highly propagable and untrue contents are the object of the present study,but it would be simplistic to put the full force of the fake news phenomenon only in theaccount of new communication and information technologies.Thus, the objectives of the research are to understand the nature of fake news and whythe current manifestation of headlines and fictional events is different from the previousones; the elements that make them be identified as the cause and consequence oftransformative episodes in contemporary society, and the impact they have on that society.Guiding the investigation, we have the central question "How do fake news impact theunderstanding of the world of those who consume information on social media?". In anattempt to answer it, this dissertation covers the history of journalism, in order to identifythe social contexts in which significant changes occurred, and how each step left ideas ormodus operandi found today in the dissemination of disinformation. The theoreticalframework of the study includes the theoretical approach of the context of ICT, social mediaand fake news itself, in the light of authors from the human and social sciences, in the fieldsof sociology, anthropology and philosophy, which allow addressing aspects and dimensions complementary to the studied phenomenon. In addition, a mixed methodology research was carried out, through a survey andinterviews with experts on the subject. The conclusions of the work identify the doubt, the polarization and the disbelief that the phenomenon of fake news has generated in society,with emphasis on the political and media / journalistic field.
|Date of Award||8 Apr 2021|
- Universidade Católica Portuguesa
|Supervisor||Camila Arêas (Supervisor)|
- Fake news
- Social media
- Mestrado em Ciências da Comunicação