Roboterapia-paro em pessoas idosas com perturbação neurocognitiva

Translated title of the thesis: Paro robotherapy in elder people with neurocognitive disorder
  • Rita Sofia da Silva Gomes (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


Introduction: Robotherapy-PARO has been recognized for its results in the context of non-pharmacological therapies for elderly people with neurocognitive impairment (PNC). This study focuses on the evaluation of the elderly person's response with PNC major, institutionalized, for this type of therapy. Methods: It is an quasi experimental study with assessments in the pre, during and post-intervention phases that evaluated the effect of Robotherapy-PARO on elderly people with PNC major. It also included the translation and cultural adaptation of the "Caregiver's Manual for Robotherapy". Ten participants were submitted to individual Robotherapy sessions using a robot device with the appearance of a baby seal (PARO). The sessions were 30 minutes long, twice a week, for 8 weeks. In the pre and post intervention period, each participant was administered, the Global Deterioration Scale scales – to assess the degree of cognitive deterioration, Neuropsychiatric Inventory – to assess neuropsychiatric symptoms and Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia – to assess the states of depression. In the weeks one, three, six and eight, video-recording sessions were also carried out for the evaluation of the behaviors. Results: A total of 8 participants have completed the study. At the INP level, significant improvements were observed (z=−2,00; p = 0,046; dcohen=1,633). The Wilcoxon classification test showed that verbal communication skills (z=−1,73; p = 0,083; dcohen=1,414), Interpersonal relationship (z=−1,00; p = 0,317; dcohen=0,707) and interaction with the PARO (z=−1,134; p = 0,257; dcohen=0,817) a large size of effect was obtained, which corresponds to improvement after the sessions of Robotherapy-PARO. Conclusions: Gradual improvements were verified at the level of verbal communication, facial expression, interpersonal relationship, interaction with PARO, increase in the frequency and duration of the participants ' glances, gestures and mood manifestations. The implementation of non-pharmacological therapies in the daily care plan of elderly people with PNC may bring multiple benefits in the control of SNP.
Date of Award19 Nov 2019
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorJoão Costa Amado (Supervisor) & Rosa Silva (Co-Supervisor)


  • Robotherapy-PARO
  • Non-pharmacological therapies
  • Neurocognitive impairment
  • Neuropsychiatric symptoms
  • Eelderly people
  • Dementia


  • Mestrado em Gerontologia e Cuidado Geriátrico

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