Um olhar sobre a comunidade na perspectiva do centro de saúde e hospital

  • Ana Sofia Matos Rodrigues de Oliveira (Student)

Student thesis: Master's Thesis

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases in Portugal keep representing the major cause of death (around 40%), as well as a very important cause of incapacity. This phenomenon is in turn associated to an increase of the percentage of deaths in individuals at an early age. This kind of problems often occurs due to risk factors, which most times, could be modified. Regarded as a significant theoretical support, the idea was to include in this study the contributes of Nola Pender, once his theory relates to the human being in his unity, not relinquishing the surrounding environment that can influence his attitudes. Assuming that the decreasing of risk factors diminishes the risk of cardiovascular diseases, a diagnosis of the situation was carried in a population of 40 individuals, public employees at the Parish Councils of Lumiar, Ameixoeira and Charneca, with ages between 22 and 65 years. The aim of this work was correlated to the intention of perceiving which risk factors were present, evaluating the global cardiovascular risk and its consequences in the life of individuals. Among these 40 individuals, 18 belonged to the Health Centre of Lumiar, and 6 of them presented a risk of cardiovascular disease in 10 years superior to 1%. Having in mind the importance of Communitarian Health Nursing, in the scope of the promotion of health and associating this need to the reality lived in the Health Centre of Lumiar, a project was made aimed to implement a nursing consultation in this health centre. The possibility of performing the third unit in a working environment (nephrology service of the Curry Cabral Hospital), allowed the creation in that same service of a nursing vision directed to subjects related to Communitarian Health. Among these we can detach the work which tried to minimize barriers to the level of communication, by establishing partnerships with other institutions of the community. In this unity, due to the linguistic barriers which impose themselves to the target population and having in consideration the phenomenon of multiculturalism, it was relevant to remember the teachings provided by Madeleine Leininger.
Date of Award2010
Original languagePortuguese
Awarding Institution
  • Universidade Católica Portuguesa
SupervisorAna Resende (Supervisor)

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Global cardiovascular risk
  • Prevention
  • Culture
  • Communication

Designation

  • Mestrado em Enfermagem

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